CBD Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum & Isolates

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Hello everyone, CEO Olivia here. Today we’re continuing our deep dig into CBD, canabinoids & endocanabinoids. CBD oils & tinctures are made from both hemp & marijuana. The difference being oils made from hemp will have virtually no THC present, while oils made from Marijuana will.

CBD oils & tinctures are classified as full spectrum, broad spectrum or an isolate, depending on the purpose of the final product.

Full-spectrum means it contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant, including CBD, THC, trace cannabinoids, terpenes, & essential oils. Full-spectrum extracts from hemp have a negligible THC content —  below 0.3%, while extracts from marijuana will have different levels of THC depending on their purpose.

The full spectrum of the active compounds extracted from hemp work together to amplify the health benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This phenomenon is referred to as the entourage effect which I’ll explain below.

Broad-spectrum extracts also contain multiple cannabinoids, terpenes, & essential oils, they also produce the “entourage effect,” however all the THC has been removed.

CBD isolate is made by removing everything but the cannabidiol (CBD). The advantage of using CBD isolate is the high concentration of CBD per serving. Isolates are usually 99% pure, meaning that one gram of isolate powder carries about 990 mg of CBD. With isolates, there’s no entourage effect.

What’s this “entourage effect”? It refers to the synergy achieved by all the components in cannabis interacting together to enhance the potential benefits of the plant.

Now that we’ve sorted that out, next week I’ll sniff out how to decide which product is right for your good dog.

CEO Olivia

Part 1 – CBDs, Cannabinoids, Endocannabinoids & Canines

Part 2 – What is Cannabis?

Part 3 – How CBD Is Extracted?

Part 4 – CBD Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum & Isolates

Part 5 – CBD Oils & Tinctures, What’s In the Bottle?

Part 6 – Understanding a CBD Certificate of Analysis

Part 7 – CBD Oils, What Should Be On the Label?

How CBD Is Extracted

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Hello everyone, CEO Olivia here. We’re continuing our exploration of CBD, cannabinoids & endocanabinoids. Today I’ll explain the three primary methods of extracting CBD cannabinoids from the plant.

The first method uses solvents like ethanol, butane, propane, isopropyl, or alcohol. It is one of the least expensive options & it’s also fast. But it’s also dangerous due to the highly flammable contents of the liquids.

To begin the liquid solvent process, flowers & plant trimmings are put into a container. Then the solvent is soaked or run through the material, drawing out the cannabinoids. Then the solvents are evaporated leaving the concentrated cannabinoids in an oil form. The downside of this method is that the solvent residue can be toxic if it’s not completely eliminated during the evaporation step.

The olive oil extraction process is the oldest method of extracting CBD. It’s the safest method & it’s simple to do. This process begins with the raw plant materials being heated to a desired temperature for a specific amount of time so that the chemicals in the plant are activated. Olive oil & the plant material are mixed & heated again. This is when the cannabinoids are extracted. The olive oil isn’t evaporated, so the resulting extract won’t be as concentrated as with other methods. Further more, its highly perishable & must be kept in a cool, dark area.

Finally there is the CO2 method of extracting CBD. Its the most expensive & complex method. The CO2 extraction process is done by using a machine called a closed-loop extractor. This machine contains three chambers. The first one holds pressurized, solid CO2 or dry ice; the second chamber has dried plant material in it. The final chamber separates the resulting product.

From the first chamber, CO2 is pumped into the second chamber, which takes on the form of supercritical CO2  (in between a gas & liquid state). The supercritical CO2 then permeates the plant material & extracts the cannabinoids. It’s then pumped into the final chamber where the CO2 rises to the top. This leaves the extract at the bottom. This method produces the highest quality concentration of CBD with no toxic residue.

After extraction, the CBD oil is further refined & purified to create either a full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, or a CBD isolate. I’ll explain what those are next week.

CEO Olivia 

Part 1 – CBDs, Cannabinoids, Endocannabinoids & Canines

Part 2 – What is Cannabis?

Part 3 – How CBD Is Extracted?

Part 4 – CBD Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum & Isolates

Part 5 – CBD Oils & Tinctures, What’s In the Bottle?

Part 6 – Understanding a CBD Certificate of Analysis

Part 7 – CBD Oils, What Should Be On the Label?

Tips for Coping with Holiday Stress

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Hello everyone, CEO Olivia here. We are in the festive holiday season, which can mean guest & family possibly arriving. This is probably not part of your good dog or cool cat’s routine. On top of that, the humans seem more stressed than usual. Extra shopping, parties to attend & preparing the home for guests is a lot of work. We dogs are very sensitive to our human’s emotions.

What I’m getting at is this, the holidays can be stressful for us four leggers. In my case, living with canine idiopathic epilepsy, stress & excitement can trigger a seizure so it’s extra important for my huMom to keep things calm around this time of year.

For some good dogs & cats having company over is no big deal. But some, like myself can be reactive. For them I have a few suggestions if you plan on having guests.

Prepare a dim lit room or go to space for your pet with favorite toys, some treats. Calming music might help. If your dog feels secure in a crate, move it away from the activity so your good dog can retreat there.

Wearing a thundershirt can help some good dogs. I have one that I wear if guests are coming.

Adaptil is a non-medical solution for helping dogs feel more relaxed & secure. It synthetically mimics the natural appeasing pheromones that mother dogs use to comfort & reassure their puppies. It comes in a spray or with a defuser you plug into the wall.

Extra play time or an extra walk can burn off any anxiety or pent up energy we may have about all the unusual activity at home.

There are also natural approaches such as melatonin or CBD oil, both can have a calming effect.

OmegaAlpha has two formulations for coping with stress. E-Z Rest has a calming effect & promotes relaxation. EnduraStress helps the body cope with stress while also providing a calming effect. Either of these can be added to meals for a few days before a big day to help your good dog or cool cat.

The most important thing is to consider your four legger’s needs when planning your festivities. It should be a happy time for everyone.

Do you have any tips for reducing holiday stress? Please bark out about it, I want to know.

CEO Olivia