Hello everyone, CEO Olivia here. Let’s begin our exploration of CBD, Cannabinoids & endocanabinoids at the beginning, out in the fields. What is Cannabis anyway?
Cannabis has been cultivated by humans for many thousands of years. There is evidence of it being grown in what is today the Czech Republic, dating back to 26,900 BCE. It can be used for making rope, clothing, paper, bricks & also dog toys. BOL! You can even use cannabis in 3D printing.
There are two main varieties of cannabis. One is called marijuana & the other is called hemp. Both contain chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. There are 113 cannabinoids in all. But the difference between the plants comes down to how much one specific cannabinoid is present. Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is present in both plants, however, Marijuana will have a THC concentration higher than 0.3%. If the plant has 0.3% or less of THC it is then classified as hemp. Both plants contain another cannabinoid called cannabidiol or CBD.
All mammals as well as several other animals (like fish) have what is called an endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that are located throughout the central nervous system, including the brain. Research has shown these neurotransmitters help regulate appetite, pain, memory, mood/stress & sleep. It’s these endocannabinoid neurotransmitters that the cannabinoids found in cannabis bind to. I’ll dig deeper into this in a future post.
But first, next week I’ll sniff out the methods used to extract & process the cannabinoids from cannabis.
CEO Olivia ❤
Part 2 – What is Cannabis?
Part 3 – How CBD Is Extracted?