What do good dogs see? Now You Know


My huMom has informed me that many dog toys are brightly colored. In fact the most popular colors for dog toys today are red or safety orange (the bright orange red on traffic cones or safety vests). However red is difficult for us dogs to see because we dogs don’t see color’s like humans do. So what do we see?

We do see colors, but they aren’t  as vibrant as what you see. Also we dogs don’t see as much of the color spectrum as you. The eyes of both humans & dogs contain light catching cells called cones that respond to color. Humans have three types of cones but we dogs only have two.

Good dogs see the colors of the world as basically yellow, blue & gray. We see the colors green, yellow & orange as yellowish, & we see violet & blue as blue. Blue-green is seen as a gray.

So that brightly colored toy might have caught your eye in the store but your good dog may have difficulty seeing it. Personally speaking, I’ve never had any problem seeing my Knotty Gnaw, just saying.

CEO Olivia


Bad Toys for Good Dogs Part 2 ~ What to Avoid

Health, News


While sniffing about I’ve made a disturbing discovery. Most dog toys are not really that safe. They are not as strictly regulated as toys for humans & many dangerous toys find their way to stores. A big part of the problem is that dog toys are marketed towards the human owner. The bright colors or bells are to entice the human into purchasing them. We dogs don’t see bright colors, it’s more about the feel & smell to us. Any bell or trinket can be very dangerous if swallowed.

Here’s a brief idea of what to avoid when looking for dog toys. First off, a cheap toy is probably not a quality toy. For example vinyl toys may be inexpensive but they contain very harmful chemicals that can cause serious health issues. Phalates & BPA are both used to make vinyl more elastic. They’re proven endocrine disruptors that mimic estrogen and can cause life long health problems.

There are tennis balls made specifically for dogs but they have been shown to contain high levels of lead. Rope toys made from synthetics can be dangerous as well if they shred & are ingested. Toys from China consistently show high levels of lead in them, especially if painted.

It seems the safe toys are the more natural ones. Organic Beef bones from a butcher or health food store make good chew toys but be sure to get one big enough that your good dog can’t choke on it. My best advice is to seek out organic dog toys made from safe, natural materials. There are plenty available these days.

CEO Olivia


Replace BSL with C-TAG



Group of twelve dogs sitting in front of a white background

We at Knotty Toys for Good Dogs wish to see the end of BSL (breed specific legislation) everywhere. Simply put the BSL laws are based on fear & we would like to share what we feel is a viable alternative based on science. It’s name is the “Canine Threat Assessment Guide”, or C-TAG.

C-TAG is a standardized multi-level categorization system for aggressive dogs that recommends precautions proportionate to the level of threat the dog poses. An evidence based C-TAG assessment can be carried out by trained Animal Control officers in about an hour.

Canine Risk Assessment methodology is based upon the fundamental truth that a “Perfect Storm” of events must occur before a dog-human attack can take place, & because of this, there are multiple ways to intervene such that the attack does not occur. The risk analysis approach identifies the exposures & recommends the controls needed to mitigate them, removing some of the key contributory factors to a possible attack.

C-TAG was developed by the International Society of Canine Risk Assessors (ISCRA). Established in 2008, this organization promotes the use of Canine Risk Assessment instead of breed-specific legislation to control problem dogs. They also recognized the growing need for certified Service Dogs & Service Dog Trainers, & have established a Assistance Dog Division. In 2015, the organization was renamed the International Society of Canine Trainers & Assessors.

We urge you to explore C-TAG further & if the BSL is in effect where you live, please let your local government know there is a better, more rational, science based solution.

Next, we will take a look at C-TAG’s success.

CEO Olivia